Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth, including the diversity of species, ecosystems, and genetic information. Biodiversity is important for several reasons, including:
Ecosystem services: Biodiverse ecosystems provide critical services, such as air and water purification, climate regulation, and soil formation.
Food security: A diverse array of plant and animal species provides a stable food supply and helps to protect against crop failures.
Medical advances: Biodiversity is a source of new medicines and treatments, and helps to protect against emerging diseases.
Organic standards protect and contribute to biodiversity by promoting farming practices that conserve and protect natural habitats, conserve soil and water resources, and promote the use of more natural methods for pest control. Organic standards also prioritize the use of locally adapted seed varieties and the preservation of genetic diversity, helping to maintain the health and resilience of crops over time.
By promoting biodiversity, organic standards help to ensure the long-term health and sustainability of the environment and support the continuation of critical ecosystem services. By limiting the use of harmful chemicals and promoting the use of environmentally responsible farming practices, organic standards contribute to a more diverse and resilient planet for future generations.